During Hu Jintao's speech at the 18th Party Congress it was evident that the leaders were aware of growing public anger at the excesses of the Communist Party and the large income inequality.Business Insider
He said at the time that China would aim to double its per capita income for rural and urban residents by 2020.
China has a Gini coefficient above 0.4 which is the level beyond which there is a risk of social unrest.
China Just Approved A New Plan To Crush Income Inequality
Comparison of Gini coefficients (2011) shows the US (0. 450) to be more unequal than China (0.415).
Map: U.S. Ranks Near Bottom on Income Inequality