How much inequality is too much? Answers range from Gracchus Babeuf (all inequalities are unjust) to Ayn Rand (there is no moral limit on the extent of inequalities a society can embody). Is there any reasoned basis for answering the question? What kinds of criteria might we use to try to answer this kind of question?Read it at Understanding Society
How much inequality?
by Daniel Little | Chancellor, University of Michigan-Dearborn
Daniel Little summarizes several liberal arguments for greater equality in society and concludes that they are mutually supportive factors adduced from a variety of field from philosophy (John Rawls) to economics (Joseph Stiglitz, to public health, to utilitarianism. They are based on fairness and justice, human rights, institutionalism, social responsibility, social cohesion, and general welfare.
The conservative arguments that Little does not consider here are based on individual freedom, personal responsibility (parable of stewardship, Matthew 25:14-30), individual incentive, differences of individual ability, sanctity of property rights including the right of wealth transfer across generations, meritocracy, and traditional division of classes ("You will always have the poor with you...." Matthew 26:11).