I think this post by Dylan Matthews is brilliant and a must read.
He says we should focus less on equality of opportunity and more on average outcomes and equality of outcomes.…Makings of a debate.
Equality of opportunity is a sine qua non of social and political liberalism. It is incompatible with economic liberalism in the form of capitalism for several reasons generally involving assumptions that lead to asymmetrical distribution. This is another paradox of liberalism.
What’s so Great about Equality of Opportunity ?